In the logistics and handling sector, the pallet allows goods to be transported for shipment or storage . It is important to protect it well as well as its goods because it will be handled several times by several operators and that it will be subjected to different conditions (temperature, humidity, etc.) According to the place where it will be stored. Discover below all the steps and packaging needed to effectively protect a pallet.
Stabilization of the pallet with the interlayer
Strapping the pallet with the strapping
Protection of the upper part of the pallet with the pallet cap
Protection of the entire pallet with stretch film
Protection of angles with angles and corners parafeuillards
corrugated cardboard roll
Step 1: stabilizing the pallet with the tab
The interlayer is designed to stabilize the pallet . It is placed between the different levels of goods to separate and stall each cardboard box . So everything stays stable. By placing an interlayer over the pallet, you protect its contents from dust.
To ensure this stability, you can use single corrugated cardboard dividers or roll corrugated cardboard . The advantage of the interlayer is that it is already in plate format, ready to be placed on the pallet. There are several dimensions of spacers to match the dimensions of the different pallets. The roll of corrugated cardboard, meanwhile, allows to cut to size the dimensions necessary for the recovery of the pallet.
Step 2: strapping the pallet using the strapping
Once all the goods have been placed and stabilized on the pallet, you can strapped it in order to keep everything in place and thus secure it during transport . Cercler means that you place a strip of plastic (or textile), the strap, around the pallet. There are several types of strips:
polypropylene that can be used for strapping pallets up to 300 kg
polyester for strapping heavy and compressible loads up to 550 kg
the textile used for strapping heavy loads up to 1 ton
There are several criteria to take into account to choose the right strap strapping, we explain them in this guide .
Step 3: Protection of the upper part of the pallet with the pallet cap
The plastic pallet cap is the ideal protection to protect the top of the pallet from dust and moisture . It thus ensures a perfect seal of your pallet during transport or storage. Flexible and handy , it fits easily on the top of the palette just before it is filmed with stretch film.
The pallet cap can be transparent or opaque black or white. It is usually made of low density polyethylene (LDPE) and packaged in a roll where it is already precut. There are, however, dispensing boxes of pre-cut pallet caps.
Step 4: Protect the entire pallet with stretch film
The last step of the palletization is to film the pallet with stretch film. The goal is to protect packages and goods from moisture, dust and any external aggression (rain, dead leaves, sand, etc.). The stretch film can be placed manually or with a machine called a “wrapper”. This difference in implementation involves a difference in the structure of the stretch film itself. That is why there are manual stretch films and stretch film machines.
In addition to this distinction, there is also a difference in the thickness of the stretch film which can vary from 15 microns for strapping pallets from less than 250 kg to 30 microns for pallets up to 600 kg. And a difference in the appearance of stretch film: transparent or opaque (usually black but it can be white). The opaque stretch film has the advantage of ensuring the confidentiality of shipments and protecting goods from light. Other criteria must be taken into account when choosing its stretch film, find them all in our purchase guide on stretch film .
Optional Step: Protect Corners with Corners and Corners
If you want to provide extra protection for your parcels and goods on your pallet, you can protect the corners and edges of your pallets with cardboard corners and parapet corners offered by Wellpack Packaging.
The cardboard angle is designed to be easily placed on the edges of a package or goods thanks to its 90 ° angle. It reinforces the edges and angles of the goods against bumps and scratches . It resists crushing, making it ideal for stacking packages on the pallet . It is placed on the edges before the introduction of the strip and the stretch film. It comes in several lengths so it can be placed on all types of pallets. It can also be cut if necessary.
The parafeuillard corner is a plastic protection that is placed at the edges of packages or goods on the pallet where the strip will be placed. It thus protects the goods and cartons from any deterioration caused by the strapping of the pallet . In fact, a hoop too tight can degrade a cardboard package by sinking into it. Being made of plastic, it is very resistant and can be used several times before it is scrapped.
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